History of Occupational Health Nursing National Association – ANENT in Brazil
For three years, participants of the Labor Nursing Group – GET (GET- Grupo de Enfermagem do Trabalho in portuguese), made up of nurses working in companies of various branches of professional activity, held regular meetings in Universities and / or Fundacentro – São Paulo ( http://www.fundacentro.gov.br/institucional/unidades-da-fundacentro) to discuss and improve their knowledge on relevant topics for their professional practice, until realized, taking into account the demands and peculiarities of Occupational Health Nurse, be essential to expand this exchange of experiences in the national context.
Only the creation of an association could meet this need, providing specific scientific and cultural support. Thus, during the Second National Meeting of Occupational Nurses, held in São Paulo in 1986, which saw the participation of about 300 Labour nurses from various states of Brazil, it was founded ANENT – National Association of Occupational Nurses.
In October 1998, during the VIII ENENT- National Working Meeting of Nurses, the ANENT’s statute was reviewed and consolidated, changing the meaning of the acronym to National Association of Occupational Health Nursing as a recognition of the three categories of nursing professionals: Assistants , Technicians and Occupational Health Nurses, all members of the Specialized SESMT – Service in Safety Engineering and Occupational Medicine, responsible for growth and job nursing respectability in Brazil.
Currently, ANENT has members and state representatives nationwide. Since its inception, anent complies with the purposes set out in its charter, conducting studies in the field of nursing work by stimulating the creation of specialized courses, conducting exchanges with similar national and international organizations, promoting and participating in scientific activities related to nursing work.
The ANENT still has the support of international collaborators – occupational nurses in Europe, North America and Latin America, with which the association, maintains a close relationship.
Occupational Health Nursins in Brazil has specific regulations, issued by Decree 3214 of June 8, 1978 (Official Gazette of 06/07/78), the Ministry of Labor and Employment, through the Regulatory Standard – NR 4 (Norma Regulamentadora 4 in Portuguese) – Specialized Services in Safety Engineering and Occupational Medicine – SESMT, with changes / updates (http://portal.mte.gov.br/images/Documentos/SST/NR/NR4.pdf). This Decree determines that private and public companies, public agencies of the direct and indirect administration and the legislative and judicial powers, that have employees covered by the Consolidation of Labor Laws – CLT (Consolidação das Leis Trabalhistas in portuguese) , shall, obligatorily, offer Specialized Services in Safety Engineering and Occupational Medicine, in order to promote health and protect worker health in the workplace.
The NR 4 guides the organization of the work of professionals in the Specialized Safety Engineering and Medicine – SESMT, skills, qualifications, specific fields of work, the risk level of companies, the design of employees, workload of professionals in every type of company, according to their field of activity, and the number of employees. In this official document, the skills of professionals that make up the SESMT are described in item 4.12 of the NR4 and other information mentioned above in Tables 1 and 2.